Connecticut Rental Lease Agreements
The Connecticut Lease Agreements provide a legal framework for a landlord to rent their property to a tenant. Upon signing, both parties must uphold the conditions outlined in the agreement. While each contract may vary according to the wishes of each party, contracts usually contain the following elements:
- Property Description;
- Utility Responsibilities;
- Lease Term (excluding Month-to-Month);
- Rent Amount ($); and
- Utilities and Services
Parties should keep in mind that as a legally-binding document, failure to uphold one or many provisions may result in financial and legal consequences.
What is a Connecticut Lease Agreement?
A Connecticut Lease Agreement is a legal document that is used to set out certain legal protections to both landlords renting out a property, and tenants leasing the property. To aid the process of finding an upstanding tenant, it is advisable that landlords use a rental application to vet tenants.
State Definition (§ 830-47a-1(i)) – “means all agreements, written or oral, and valid rules and regulations adopted under section 47a-9 or subsection (d) of section 21-70 embodying the terms and conditions concerning the use and occupancy of a dwelling unit or premises.”
Types of Agreements
College Roommate (Dorm Room) Agreement – Recommended for students renting out a shared space, this non-binding document encourages harmony among signees.
Commercial Lease Agreement – Not to be confused with a residential lease agreement, this document has several distinct stipulations that make it suitable for business purposes.
Lease to Own Agreement – An agreement that provides tenants with the legal means to purchase their leased abode under certain circumstances dictated in the document.
Month-to-Month Lease Agreement – An auto-renewing, short-term lease designed to provide flexibility to both landlords and tenants.
Roommate Agreement – This document specifies the responsibilities of each roommate in a shared residence.
Standard Residential Lease Agreement – A lease agreement that features standard rights and responsibilities of landlords and tenants.
Sublease Agreement – A document signed between the original tenant of a leased property and a new tenant which sets out subleasing conditions.
When is Rent Due?
In accordance with § 830-47a-3a, unless otherwise agreed, rent must be payed in equal monthly installments at the beginning of each month. For terms of one (1) month or less, rent is payable at the beginning of the term. There is a grace period of nine (9) days for fixed-term leases and four (4) days for a one-week tenancy.
Emergency (§ 830-47a-16(b)): In emergency cases, the landlord does not require the consent of the tenant to enter the dwelling.
Non-Emergency (§ 830-47a-16(d)): With written or oral notice of their intent to enter, landlords may access the property for reasons including, but not limited to, inspecting the premises and making necessary or agreed to repairs, alterations, or improvements. The entry must take place only at a reasonable time.
Bed Bug Disclosure (§ 830-47a-7a-3(c)): Prior to the lease of a property, the landlord must inform the tenant if the property is currently infested with bed bugs. If the tenant requests further information, the landlord must disclose the last date the property was inspected and found free of bed bugs.
Common Interest Community (§ 830-47a-3e): A disclosure stating if the residence located in a common-interest community must be attached.
Fire Sprinkler Disclosure (§ 830-47a-3f(c)): The landlord must specify in the rental agreement as to whether or not there is an operative fire sprinkler system in the property unit. If there is, the rental agreement should note the last date of maintenance and inspection.
Landlord Identity (§ 830-47a-6): Landlords or agents must identify themselves in writing and specify where the tenant may send notice.
Lead Disclosure: All known lead paint hazards must be disclosed by landlords. Further to this, landlords are required to provide tenant with an information pamphlet about the topic as an attachment to a written lease.
Security Deposit Laws
Maximum (§ 830-47a-21): For tenants aged sixty-two (62) years and older, a landlord may only be demand a maximum one (1) month’s rent. For tenants under sixty-two (62) years of age, a landlord may only demand two (2) months’ periodic rent, of which may be in addition to the current month’s rent.
Returning to Tenant (§ 830-47a-21): Tenants must receive their deposit back, including any accrued interest, within thirty (30) days of handing the premises back to the landlord or within fifteen (15) days of receiving the tenant’s forwarding address, whichever is later.