Connecticut Rental Lease Agreements
The Connecticut Lease Agreements are signed documents formulated between a landlord and tenant for the purpose of setting rules and conditions regarding the renting of a home, apartment, or other property. In the event one or more of the conditions are broken or not followed, the illicit party can be taken to small claims court to resolve any wrongdoing.
State Definition of Rental Agreement – “means all agreements, written or oral, and valid rules and regulations adopted under section 47a-9 or subsection (d) of section 21-70 embodying the terms and conditions concerning the use and occupancy of a dwelling unit or premises.”
State Laws – Title 47 Chapter 830-834
What is a Connecticut Lease Agreement?
A Connecticut Lease Agreement is the record that legally binds the individual who owns a property, called the “landlord,” and those living within the property in exchange for systematic payments, called the “tenants.” Although the state of Connecticut identifies an oral agreement as adequate, it is exceptionally difficult to prove what was agreed-upon in a court of law. The legally binding nature of contracts insinuates the importance of signing a physical document and is imperative for those planning on renting a property. While requiring a lease agreement be signed is far more helpful than not, landlords will commonly find that it still takes a considerable amount of work to recover damages from ill-behaved tenants; thus, we recommend requiring any hopeful tenants complete a rental application to see if they have a worthy rental history and can afford the monthly payments.
Types of Agreements
College Roommate (Dorm Room) Agreement – Gives students housed within the same college dorm room a way to set rules and boundaries to promote friendliness and cooperation.
Commercial Lease Agreement – A means of recording the rules and conditions surrounding the leasing of a property that will be used for a business purpose.
Lease to Own Agreement – A lease that gives the tenant the choice of purchasing the rented home at the end of the term.
Month-to-Month Lease Agreement – Short-term agreement that can be canceled by either party with only three (3) days of notice.
Room Rental Agreement – Used to set rules among tenants living in a single leased home or apartment.
Standard Residential Lease Agreement – For the renting of a property for a relatively long duration of one (1) year or longer.
Sublease Agreement – This contract gives tenants a means of collecting rent from a new tenant if they no longer wish to live in their rented property.
Is Subletting Allowed?
Connecticut Law does not state whether tenants are allowed or prohibited from subleasing the rented property. Because it is not stated, it is highly recommended that you contact your landlord and obtain written permission prior to accepting a new tenant into the rental.
Security Deposit Laws – § 47a-21
Security Deposit Amounts – Connecticut restricts the maximum requestable security deposit depending on the age of the tenant. For tenants that are under sixty-tw0 (62) years of age, the most that can be charged for a security deposit is two (2) months’ rent. Tenants over sixty-two (62) can only be charged one (1) month of rent or less for a security deposit.
Return of Security Deposit – After the lease has been terminated, the landlord has thirty (30) days to return the security deposit or remainder thereof, or fifteen (15) days if the tenant’s forwarding address is known. If the landlord plans on withholding any portions of the security deposit, a full list of damages / expenses must be listed and given to the tenant during the return of the security deposit.*
*If the landlord does not follow the requirements regarding security deposit returns in CT § 47a-21 Subsection 2, the landlord may be required to pay the tenant double the amount initially paid at the beginning of the lease.
Rent Laws – § 47a-3a
If not specifically stated in the lease agreement, rent is due at the beginning of the term if the term is less than one (1) month. For leases with terms longer than one (1) month, rent is due at the beginning of the month.
Eviction Laws – Title 47 Chapter 832
In Connecticut, landlords can evict a tenant for several reasons, including the following:
- Missed rent payments
- Tenant has not moved out after the lease already expired
- Interferes with other tenants safety or comfort
- Violated term(s) within the lease
- No right to stay in the property
Once the landlord determines that the tenant needs to be evicted, the first step in the process is to issue the tenant a Notice to Quit. After receiving, the tenant has three (3) days to leave the property. For month-to-month tenancies, the landlord cannot issue a notice to quit until ten (10) days after the date the rent was due; for weekly tenancies, the notice cannot be issued until five (5) days have passed since the rent due date. In the case that the tenant still does not move out after the deadline issued on the notice, the landlord can take the tenant to court to recover damages.